Geothermal District Heating
Mannvit is a leader in geothermal district heating and offers comprehensive design and consulting services including: surveys, piping systems, systems analysis, flow calculations and measurements, water catchments, supply mains, distribution systems and pumping stations.
The company has played a significant role in the development of Iceland’s geothermal district and municipal heating since the early 1960s and is now involved in geothermal development projects, including district heating, all over the world including, Hungary, England, and Germany.
Iceland’s various geothermal district and municipal heating entities provide space heating and hot water to over 90% of homes and buildings. And, the capital city, Reykjavik boasts the world’s largest and most sophisticated geothermal district heating systems in the world, a development project that began in the 1930s and continues today. This use of geothermal and other renewable resources over the last 85 years has made Reykjavik one of the cleanest cities in the world.
Iceland uses this abundant source of geothermal energy for many applications beyond space heating and hot water for homes and businesses including, greenhouse heating, snow melting, fish farming, seafood drying, thermal spas, swimming pools and more.
Benefits of Geothermal District Heating:
- Economically competitive
- Reliable source of energy
- Improved air quality
- Price stability vs. fossil fuels
- Energy security in a domestic local energy source
- Multiple domestic and industrial uses
- Offers competitive advantages to industry
- Improved public image
Geothermal District Heating is the use of geothermal energy (in the form of hot water) to heat homes and businesses in a particular region by moving the heat from underground, into homes and businesses.
In lower pressure geothermal systems and shallower wells, water heated underground is brought to the surface and pumped through large pipes directly into businesses and homes for space heating.
Higher pressure systems from deeper wells are too hot to pump directly and often have high salinity and high mineral content, which is very corrosive to equipment. To avoid costly damage, heat is transferred from the corrosive water to fresh water for transportation to homes and businesses.
Higher pressure geothermal plants also use the heat to create steam and operate turbines to produce electricity. Plants that produce electricity and supply hot water are called Co-Generation or Co-Gen plants.
Using District Heating, both low and high-pressure systems can provide a great deal of heat energy directly to a large number of residences and business in a particular region. Geothermal energy is a very clean and environmentally responsible type of energy. Geothermal energy and geothermal district heating has a near-zero carbon footprint.
Geothermal district heating development is growing, with over 200 projects in development in Europe alone. The total installed capacity in 2014 from the 247 plants in Europe is now 4.5 GWth.
Managing Director of Renewable Energy & Transmission